Court of Justice of the European Union
The Court of Justice of the European Union is a judicial body located in Luxembourg. It is composed of three courts: Court of Justice, General Court and Civil Service Tribunal. Their job is to make sure that EU law is applied and interpreted in a consistent way.
The Court of Justice of the European Union is composed of one judge from every member state and eight Advocates-General appointed for a term of six years. They are chosen from among lawyers who possess the qualifications required for appointment, in their respective countries, to the highest judicial offices, or who are of recognised competence.
The General Court deals with competition law, antidumping and social rights, and was established to assist the overloaded Court of Justice.
The Civil Service Tribunal adjudicates in disputes between the European Union and its civil servants. It is composed of a president and seven judges appointed for a term of six years.
European Court of Auditors
This court, also called the 'financial conscience of the EU', is tasked primarily with independently auditing the collection and spending of European Union funds and assessing the way that the European institutions manage their finances. It aims to contribute to improving the financial management of European Union funds at all levels, and to assure EU citizens that European Union funds are being used wisely.
The court, located in Luxembourg, is composed of one member from each Member State. Members, proposed by the Member States, must belong to or have belonged to an external audit body in their county.